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用成堆的 100 美元現鈔來看看 20兆美元債務的樣子 用成堆的 100 美元現鈔來看看 20兆美元債務的樣子
$20 Trillion of U.S. Debt Visualized Using Stacks of $100 Bills
用成堆的 100 美元現鈔來看看 20兆美元債務的樣子

June 1, 2017
By Jeff Desjardins

**Note: 2021 Jun updated debt is $28 Trillion **
**註:2021 年 6 月國債更新為 28 兆美元 **
 
For most people, our experiences in everyday life are with using lower numbers like one, two, or ten. We not only comprehend what it means to buy five apples, but we can also visualize exactly what that might look like. In other words, these are numbers that fall within a range that is very intuitive for most humans.
對於大多數人來說,我們在日常生活中的經驗是使用較小的數字,例如一、二或十。我們不僅理解購買五個蘋果意味著什麼,而且我們還可以準確地想像它可能是什麼樣子。換句話說,這些數字落在對大多數人來說非常直觀的範圍內。


Extrapolate that a little higher and we can still comprehend the numbers, but we start to lose that intuition.
將其推高一點,我們仍然可以理解這些數字,但我們開始失去這種直覺。
 
Are there 1,500 or 2,000 people at a music venue? It’s hard to know for sure, but we do at least have a basic comprehension of the sizes of those numbers. Every day, we do math with numbers in the thousands – a paycheck, a credit card bill, or paying rent.
音樂場地有 1,500 或 2,000 人嗎?很難確定,但我們至少對這些數字的大小有一個基本的了解。每天,我們都會用數以千計的數字進行數學計算——薪水、信用卡賬單或支付租金。


 
Millions, Billions, Trillions
數百萬,數億,數兆

 
This is where things start to get dodgy. Once numbers get beyond the millions, we don’t really have any intuition, tactile familiarity, or comprehension of what they mean.
For example:
這就是事情開始變得狡猾的地方。一旦數字超過數百萬,我們就真的沒有任何直覺、觸覺熟悉或理解它們的含義。
例如:


One million seconds = 12 days
One billion seconds = 32 years
One trillion seconds = 32,000 years
一百萬秒 = 12 天
十億秒 = 32 年
一兆秒 = 32,000 年


Going back in time a trillion seconds would place you well before written history, the building of the pyramids, and 10,000 years before the first cave wall paintings in France.
時間倒流一兆秒將使您早於任何書面紀載的歷史、金字塔的建造以及法國第一批洞穴壁畫之前的 10,000 年。
 
Our monkey brains don’t really know what to do with these giant abstractions, and so it helps to think about them in different ways, especially visually.
我們的猴子大腦並不真正知道如何處理這些巨大的抽象,因此以不同的方式思考它們會有所幫助,尤其是在視覺上。
 

The Visual Interpretation
視覺解釋


Looking at visual representations of these numbers will help to put them in perspective.
查看這些數字的視覺表示將有助於正確看待它們。


Below is a series of fantastic 3d graphics produced by Demonocracy.info that help to do this for the $20 trillion in U.S. Federal Government debt. It starts with a $100 bill, and goes from there. Enjoy!
下面是由 Demonocracy.info 製作的一系列美妙的 3D 圖,做到這一點,它們有助於為美國聯邦政府的 20 萬億美元債務視覺化。圖由一張 100 美元的鈔票開始,然後繼續看下去。請享用!



1. Here is a single $100 bill.
1. 這是一張 100 美元的鈔票。




2. Here is $10,000, or 100 of those same bills in a stack.
2. 這是 1萬美元,或一疊相同的 100 張紙幣。




3. $1 million, or equal to 92 years of work for the average human on Earth.
3. 1百萬美元,相當於地球上普通人 92 年的工作。




4. $100 million on a pallet. The couch is worth a cool $46.7 million, too.
4. 一個貨盤上價值 1 億美元。這個非常酷的沙發價值也高達 4670 萬美元。




5.$1 Billion – getting bigger…
 
5. 10 億美元——越來越大……




6.$1 trillion, looking at it from a front angle.
 
6. 1兆美元,從正面看。




7.Here’s a better view of the $1 trillion with the White House.
 
7.這是對白宮 1 兆美元的更好看法。。。




8. Finally, here’s $20+ trillion of U.S. government debt.
8. 最後,這是超過 20 兆美元的美國政府債務。






炫麗 Shiny黃金白銀交易所
引用: Visual Capitalist

Aappendix 1: 美國國債 2021/06/23

Source: usdebtclock.org


Aappendix 2: 數目對照表

Source: english.cool
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